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Shadows and dark circles under the eyes can be caused by many things, such as hyperpigmentation or superficial veins. Eyebags and puffiness can also contribute.
However, in the majority of cases, a lack of volume below the eyes is what creates the hollows that make us look tired.
The hollows, or grooves, deflect the light and cast shadows onto the skin, leading to tired-looking eyes.
This is also why cucumbers, creams, and teabags don’t solve the problem for many of us. They don’t do anything about the lack of volume!